Journalism is a fast changing industry, therefore understanding all aspects of those changes and keeping up to date with them is imperative for success. The course ‘Television Journalism’ offers students the chance to participate in many real world practises. The guidance of Barbara Alysen’s book; The Electronic Reporter, allowed students the opportunity to gain an in-depth look into the field they are working towards entering.
Broadcast news and current affairs is often seen as the glamour side of journalism and entry-level jobs are keenly sought (Alysen, 2012).
On the other hand, News 24 Live presenter Jerusha Sukhdeo Raath feels the glamorous appeal of the TV industry couldn’t be further from the truth (Raath, 2015).
Over the course of thirteen weeks we went behind the scenes in order to understand the many processes it takes to use camera equipment, create a video news story, perform studio roles, present the news and to create a news bulletin.
Video news story
The first assessment piece was to create a one minute and thirty second video news story of our choice. The story I chose to do brought awareness to the differences between type one and type two diabetes that the general public and medical professionals seem to be uneducated about. There were many practises taught throughout the semester that assisted with creating the final news story seen below. Interviewing was something many students were already familiar with. Alysen recommends that preparing notes and questions before an interview and guiding your talents responses will help you keep your grabs short and in control of the interview (Alysen, 2012). Writer Christopher Daly makes it clear never to send your source your questions in case they alter or prepare answers (Daly, 2016).
Using camera equipment and different camera shots
Aslyen says that it is quite common for journalists to be the reporter and the camera operator (Alysen, 2012). In saying that, Griffith University supplied students with a tripod, video camera, microphone and headphones to use for their filming. The first couple of weeks we spent time understanding how to set up the equipment and then, how to effectively use it. As a result, you will see the many different framing shots incorporated in the news story embedded below. Paul Grabowicz highlights how holding shots for a few seconds will make them more captivating (Grabowicz, 2014). Shots such as zoom, tilt, pan and static have been used throughout this news story. Having an understanding of how to work with natural lighting was also important for this story.
Final Cut Pro X editing
Students were then taught how to import, edit and export using Final Cut Pro X (FCP). For an in-depth process of how I used FCP, refer to blog Week Ten.
Our next assessment task was a group news bulletin presentation. Using our video news stories, students created a news bulletin program. Students were organised into groups, where each student had a chance to perform studio roles. This allowed each student to present their own news bulletin. While journalists are independent, they are also part of a carefully timed and organised team (Niblock, 2010).
‘To understand how broadcast news is put together, it is important to first have an understanding of the structure of broadcast newsrooms and the flow of authority within them’ (Alysen, 2012).
Students had a chance to see what happens behind the scenes of a television bulletin. Students were given the opportunity to perform studio roles during the recording of bulletin presentations. Each of the following roles are essential to a smooth running news program.
- News Reader
- Camera Operator: Because the cameras are mostly controlled by a ccu unit in the control room, there was little action required for this role.
- Floor Manager/Talent Co-ordinator
- Audio Monitor
- Autocue Operator: Using the application ‘ezyreader.exe’.
- Video Recording
“Floor manager, are you ready?”
“Tape operator, audio, autocue switcher are you ready?”
When everyone is ready, the director will say:
“ Tape operator start recording and floor manager ready to countdown”
The BBC believes that teamwork is the key to making a successful program (BBC, 2008).
In order to have our own individual news bulletin, students took turns in presenting the following prepared script that included all of our story introductions.
Good afternoon, I’m Olivia Gordon and welcome to Griffith University news.
Brisbane’s residents are pushing for historically racist Boundary Street names to be changed. Karleigh Pearson has the story.
2.2 million Australians of working age are living with a disability. Many of them are being pro-active to get a higher education, and with mid semester intake around the corner, the opportunity to take that step has now re-opened. Nikita Singh reports.
A unique rehabilitation centre has produced spectacular results, healing patients with severe spinal cord injuries. For 23 year old Martyn Dunn, the program has produced life changing results in a remarkable timescale. Rebecca Vayonitis reports.
The Innocence Project was introduced to Griffith University fifteen years ago. The aim of the project is to free the wrongfully convicted and to also educate young students and teach them valuable skills. Briana Woodward reports.
As the Commonwealth games near, developments for local sporting grounds are well under way. However, as reconstruction moves forward, players and supporters are demanding for an end to the interference. Jake Sandtner has the report..
A study release by donate life has indicated that 2015 was a record year for organ and tissue donation in Australia. But there are still thousands on the waiting list, and Gold Coast Model, Rebecca Craven is living proof of how important donations can be. Eloise Wilson has the story.
Did you know Diabetes has more than one type? Well, type one diabetics want people to know – there’s difference. Olivia Gordon has more.
That’s all the news for today, I’m Olivia Gordon and you have been watching Griffith University News.
Final Cut Pro X editing
Using Final Cut Pro X and advice from Chris, I pieced together my final news bulletin submission. Referring to the steps I took discussed in Week 10, I began the editing process.
Some new techniques used:
→ Using a background supplied to us to replace the blue screen during my news presenting, I inserted it into FCP,using the keyer tool on the image, it allows me to replace any blue in the vision. Copy and paste this still image and repeat the use of the keyer tool.
→ Inserted graphics with titles over each individual news stories original talent introduction. This is to make the news bulletin flow like a real program.
To conclude, Television Journalism has offered students real world skills in all areas of television media. From filming to editing, presenting to interviewing, this course has given students an in-depth look into the future and changing nature of journalism. Australian journalist Lisa Wilkinson encourages young journalists to focus more on working hard instead of exposure (Fitzpatrick, 2016). Meanwhile, Alysen says that when finding a job be prepared for knock backs but more importantly, be persistant (Alysen, 2012). This course has given me more confidence in my understanding of television journalism, alongside life skills that have prepared me for my next step towards a career in journalism.
Alysen, Barbara. The Electronic Reporter. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 2012. Print.
“BBC NEWS | School Report | Who Does What In A TV Studio?”. News.bbc.co.uk. N.p., 2008. Web. 18 May 2016.
Daly, Christopher. “Interviewing A Source: Rules Of The Road; Talking With Officials And Experts – Journalist’s Resource”. Journalist’s Resource. N.p., 2016. Web. 18 May 2016.
Fitzpatrick, Stephen. “‘Young Journos Need Support’”. The Australian. N.p., 2016. Web. 19 May 2016.
Grabowicz, Paul. “Video Techniques – Berkeley Advanced Media Institute”. Berkeley Advanced Media Institute. N.p., 2014. Web. 19 May 2016.
Niblock, Sarah. Journalism. Oxford: Oneworld, 2010. Print.
Raath, Jerusha. “TV Journalism Is Not All Glitz And Glam”. Media Update. N.p., 2015. Web. 18 May 2016.
Images: made for reuse